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Sunu Kibaro-St Augustine’s Senior Secondary School News Magazine 2010 Edition


FRONT PAGE
                         

Sunu-Kibaro News Magazine 2010 Edition

Page 1                                    EDITORIAL

The world is a permanently changing platform due the compelling nature of how information facilitates the endless process of change in the life of an individual, a people or an organization. This is quite evident of the fact that man’s history is one that has been characterized by an ever emerging process of change, especially with man’s insatiable desire to adventure and make life anew from time to time. As far as information is concerned, it is quite reasonable to note that the kind of information one acquires and the pattern of utilizing it, will not only determine the kind of character you will be as an individual but will also direct the course of an organization or the society at large. In as much as there is great diversity in the choices of the of kind information that is desired by people or organizations, I am very much inclined to subscribe to the view that without credible and reliable management of information, the world would not have been so sophisticated as it is today.
In as much as there is a highly protracted variety of information sought after by different people and organizations, it is believed that whatever information one tries to acquire, it seeks to create a more productive impact by enhancing change in your life. Some kind of educationist definition maintains that: ‘Learning is the acquisition of knowledge and skills resulting in a permanent change in behaviour, implicitly this is suggestive of the fact that when one gets a piece of information or is considered to be an informed person, there is this requisite responsibility of aptly responding to prevalent situations around you. For instance a business institution that engages in a customer care survey, to elicit information on the public’s impression about their products and services is bound to make changes in the way they operate for the sake of earning more credibility. This is because there is a nexus between information and development.

What meaning does it make if one can go through a learning institution and remain to be the same person? It defeats the essence of education and this should not be accepted. The crux of the matter here is, some people are quite oblivious of the fact that once one or an institution gets a set of information, and develop the will to cultivate it, the process of change sets in and this should not be resisted, for change is such a strong wave that any attempt to obstruct it will be counter- productive.
The world is bursting at the seams with the explosion of information technology (I.T.) and this has dislodged the concept of information draught as it has dictated change in a whole lot of circles. Methods of communicating have tremendously changed and as such, all of us are duly compelled to be receptive to this change in trend as this is the only means of moving with the times or else you will be left behind and catching up will be a marathon race for you.
One truth that it is quite evident and of course common place; that within the spheres of all human endeavours, our quest to grow in our pursuit and the general development of our lives, we get information based on ethics, virtues, religion, health, sports, basic skills, culture and wonders of the world. If we are to claim to be knowledgeable, it requires us applying the information in practical situations for the benefit of humanity because epistemological evidence suggests that there is a difference between information and knowledge. The world today is in dire need of people that are responsive to the realities and are ready to act decisively. To all readers of the SUNU KIBARO especially the present and out-going students, I urge you to develop a sense of purpose so that you will be real gentlemen of pride and of exemplary integrity, so that society can depend on you.
 
I want to conclude by tactfully engaging the old or past students of St. Augustine’s Senior Secondary school that since I have placed emphasis on ‘responding to information’ in this editorial comment, I consider it a duty to implore you to respond to the information about the state of the school and how it needs you at this material moment so that the school will be worthy of its age and background.
 
Frank S. Lans-Bagoley
H.O.D. Modern Languages Department
St. Augustine’s Senior Secondary School- Banjul.

 
 
 
Page 2                                    FORWARD

The road to success can be tough but the resilience to overcome the travails is satisfying. I want to point out that the life of this school is one that makes a very huge history and influence in the lives of people and the society as well. As the principal of this school, my greatest joy is the victory song of restoration and stabilization of the school’s golden image and status as the oldest and most successful institution of learning in the history of this country. Five years ago, when I was called upon to head this school, the assignment was to purge the canker worm of orchestrated deliquence of students who were set to make this school into a haven of disorder and hooliganism, thereby rendering the school the tag of public discontent. Such development indeed was worrisome as it undermined the vision and the purpose of establishing the school. In spite of the fact that one may see it to be the change in social and behavioural trend amongst young people, it is unavoidable to acknowledge that the school system must be strong enough to deal with such issues, more especially when society depends on the school to nurture and train students for future responsibilities. With this in mind, there was need to rake and trim unwanted elements and as such we have worked so hard in doing this with utmost alacrity. Let it suffice to say that the shackles of dented image have been broken and the school has turned a new leaf. The school now participates in all academic and extra-curricular activities within the country for the past three years now, hence, credence can be given to the fact that St. Augustine’s Senior Secondary School is gradually regaining its envied greatness and distinctiveness, but there are lots of other issues that need huge attention.
 Growth is a developmental requirement and this has been strongly desired for the school. As we work towards developing the crop of students coming into the school, we are also looking at instilling very high standards in both academics and sports; areas that we have already started making substantial gains like it use to be in the past. This is a good sign of progress that has to be sustained. We have also placed emphasis on discipline as a bed-rock to our efforts in making the school more worthy of a sound educational credibility. This is an idea we imbibe in the students since they are the target group of our plans and programmes.
We want both students and parents to co-operate with us as we venture to improve on the teaching and learning outcome in the school. The parents should show due concern for his or her child’s development by trying to know what is obtaining in the school.
St. Augustine’s Senior Secondary School has been in existence for the past eighty years, implicitly, one can imagine the extent to which it has contributed to the development of this nation, yet the school is grappling with the same old structures and offers just school certificate examination. We as a school have lots ofaspirations in taking this school to a new level of academic productivity since it can be justifiably argued that by now, the age of the school should be reflective of what the school is, what it offers and what it stands for.
Therefore, it is nigh that all those; who hold this school so dearly to their hearts and minds should prove it by subscribing to, and supporting the endeavours being made in hoisting the image of the school. I strongly hope, as we work towards developing the school, that things will change and it is my wish that our efforts are transformed into reality. Long live St. Augustine’s Senior Secondary School.
Mr Martin Gomez
Principal-St. Augustine’s Senior Secondary School Banjul The Gambia.


Page 3                                              INTERVIEW


AN EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW WITH THE VICE PRINCIPAL OF ST. AUGUSTINE’S SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL- ------------Mr Paul F. Gomez
 
  Mr. Anderson:  Good morning Mr. Paul Gomez I am here as a voice representing some quarters or maybe I should say the readership. I am basically here to sound your candid opinion on some issues which the public could be very well interested.

Mr. P. F. Gomez:  Good morning  Mr. Anderson, you are most welcome to my humble office.
Mr. Anderson:  Mr. Gomez I supposed it is paramount as an astute administrator that you must wield a focused mind as well as a wealth of experience. Since you assumed office as vice- principal of this school, what has generally been your experience?
Mr. P. F. Gomez:  Well, it has been very interesting. First and foremost, I must say, I have always deemed it quite challenging. As you may be aware, I started teaching at the lower basic level where I taught for a couple of years. Later, I moved to the upper basic level, but only spent a year there. Then, I moved to the senior secondary level. For me, it was a big challenge coming to St. Augustine’s. Challenge in the sense, I knew I was now going to meet tougher students and if I was to prove worthy, I need to stand firm, stand on my ground so that the students would understand me and they would also be compliant. So on the whole; it was quite interesting and also challenging coming to St. Augustine’s
Mr. Anderson:  I supposed, when you took up appointment, as an administration you must have set yourself on certain objectives. How far have you gone in achieving those objectives?
Mr. P. F. Gomez:St. Augustine’s has always been a great school. Since its establishment in 1929, it has become a citadel of academic acquisition. However, as time went on, the prominence that it used to command began to dwindle. I could recall when I was called upon to take up office in the school; it was told to me “That school has gone done. So we are banking our hopes on you. Go and make a U turn and return it to its glorious days. As you know, it is always easy to destroy but very difficult to build. However, I can say that most of the battles and challenges that we were confronted with, when we took over the school, have been forstalled. Thanks to a couple of robust administrative measures that we applied. Today, we can boast of well articulate and servile students that we can work with. Today, we have also started to recapture the laurels and fame the school had been having. In fact, we have begun to see some of them coming in the tunnel. For instance, in the field of sports this year, we emerged victorious in the Inter Secondary School Athletics Competitions, Basketball Competition and we have qualified for the finals in the Football Competitions. Academically also, we have started to make a head way. Last academic year, we produced two students with straight nine credits and as I am talking now, they are currently pursuing their degree courses at medical school in the University of the Gambia. So I am convinced that we have started …......


Page 4         SAINTS MISSION STATEMENT             SAINTS VISION STATEMENT


















TIPS TO THE STUDENT
by
Pa Leese Gomez 10 A1
 
  • Pay your bills timely
  • Be regular and punctual
  • Attend all classes, and concentrate
  • Do all assignments, class and home
  • Be in uniform, and always be neat
  • Obey the school rules and regulations
  • Help your mates, and seek their help
  • Call the particular teachers to class
  • Make sport apart of your experience
  • Respect all, teachers cleaners, mates
AFRICA
by
Moses Mendy 12 A1
 
Africa my homeland
The cradle of civilisation
The land of black people
The land of innocent survivors
Where my ancestors come from
Blessed you’ve been
with resources and wisdom
I will thank you, serve you and
shout thy name to the world
because of your greatness
You are the mother of all greatness
Africa my homeland
Proud am I, to be your child
   

Page 5                                          ARTICLES

SCHOOL UNIFORM
by
Robert Arthur Grant 12 C2
 
School uniform is all about being one in appearance. By it, one can’t tell the difference between those from a rich home and otherwise. The set should always be maintained well in neatness. That does not only mean being clean and properly ironed. It should not be loaded with beautifying items. Anything like that will only abuse the excellent idea of uniformity. Unfortunately, there are many students, boys and girls alike, who are in the habit of adding extra materials, only to look different. In the case of girls, it is usually chains and bracelets. At times they go with expensive head dressing, and appear like beauty contestants. Worst of all, their skirts and robes do as well stop above the knees. It makes them feel admired and proud at school, making them concentrate less. On the whole, each of them is only a fool.  The boys, for their part, display stickers of football, or music stars. Such only makes them spend a lot of time discussing topics that have no place in class. Such a boy too is nothing but a fool who would one day regret that attitude.
Those are some of the ways many have lost valuable time that they could have used gaining knowledge. But fortunately enough, students in that kind of behaviour are in the tiny minority. It means that the problem is not out of control. The relevant school authorities should be wise enough to take the right steps to prevent it becoming a serious problem. Truly, they can’t do it alone. The help of parents is vital in the fight against this unacceptable practice by their sons and daughters. After all, they should be cogently aware that if the child fails the parents it might even imply they have failed too.  

PERSONAL VIEWS ON SAINTS
by
Buba kambi 12 C2
 
It’s about time that we the Grade 12 bid farewell to this great institution of ours. There certainly is no doubt that we have benefited immensely from it, both academically and morally. It is now my duty to express personal views about the school, our great Saint Augustine’s. There surely is no perfection anywhere. Such that, these little words of mine are meant to effect positive changes.
First, my science colleagues do give due commendation to the labs. They are well supplied and properly manned. Other academic disciplines, likewise, are well maintained, with good teachers and willing students. Another area of pride is that of sports, where we continue to excel. All these have nothing other than good administration to thank. The principal’s open door gives access to both staff and students alike, to see him about anything.
However, certain bad things have continued to go on. They all have to do with the level of discipline. The issue of dodging lessons and being at the field unnecessarily is a matter of concern. I find it so unthinkable, that class time could be wasted at pleasure. It’s a difficult area that the administration should look into more. One helpful way is to root out culprits refusing to change and adapt to rules. The fear of expulsion can force discipline, certainly. With that area taken care of, ours would be an unbeatable school called Saint Augustine’s.

Page 6                                           BUSINESS CLUB

Association Name:Business Cub
Email: sassbizclub@yahoo/hotmail.com
 
 


The Commercial Student Association (CSA) was established with the main goal of uniting all streams and years of Commercial students at Saint Augustine's Senior Secondary School . Not only do we unite the Commercial students but we also try and network them with alumni. Membership is continuous even after our years at Saint Augustine's  have passed us.
To organize fundraising events to raise the profile of the Business Club programs in the community.
 To assist with professional networking events to encourage Commercial students to meet with Business professionals in the field.
To sponsor the  Professional Development Award to recognize the efforts of Business Club students to develop beyond classroom expectations in building Business careers.
This is a great way for students in the E‐Commerce program to take an interactive role in their education and future careers.
The association will frequently feature speakers on topics such as what to expect in
the industry, what kind of jobs are available for grads, building public speaking skills, preparing for interviews, and how to network.
We hold workshops, work on collaborative and personal projects .
We encourage all Commercial students to join and participate in the numerous
events planned for the year. We are an academic club and a fun bunch, so let’s get together and “multiply”! .
All Commercial students are welcome to join any of our meetings.
 Open meeting are held monthly to answer all your questions about future career plans, project, and the activities and events. We will help you be better prepared.
 Members will brainstorm, plan for, and execute a wide variety of  events and activities.The Interior Design Club plans on running fun and exciting campus‐wide events .
We hope to aid members from all walks of life , and backgrounds. We hope to aid members on the path to self ‐discovery.Please come out and show your support!

Page 7                                             SPEECH

YOUTHS AND THE SEARCH FOR GREENER PASTURE
 
Mr. Chairman, The Honourable Minister of Youths and Sport, Members of Youths and Civil Societies, Distinguished Ladies and Gentlemen, Colleagues all and every other Protocol duly observed, as I assume this highly revered platform, it is with great humility that I express my profound gratitude for according me the opportunity to deliver my submission on the topic “Youths and the Search for Greener pasture”  this is no doubt such a sensitive and critical subject.                                                   
Mr. Chairman the strong wave of movement of Africans especially the youths from the continent to the West where they firmly believe green and lush fields for grazing await them is undoubtedly a phenomenon which is costing the continent so much that the need to address it cannot be overemphasized nor over amplified. Mr. Chairman though there is a desperate attempt by youths to immigrate to these places through varied corridors, apparently the route from the sub-Saharan region through the Sahara Desert onto North Africa across the Mediterranean sea and eventually halting in Europe is by far the most alarming as well as the most dangerous. The consequences which would-be migrants of such nature face are very grave. A greater percentage of those who embark on these perilous journeys unfortunately do not achieve their fantasy. They are either killed by the vast body of sand that constitute the desert with its devastating and ferocious nature or get caught and imprisoned by North African security guards who do not exhibit the slightest regard for their status or plight. For the few lucky ones who survive the harsh desert and outsmart the ever vigilance of the guards they will have to contend with the hostile sea laden with even worse hostile coast guards who show no mercy to the miserable migrants crowded in rickety boats. But the most frustrating aspect of this whole saga is that, a good number of those who endure these ordeals will set foot on the shores of Europe only to be bundled into waiting aircrafts and deported to their countries literally bringing them to square one. Most often than not, when sent back, these people are worse than they were.
However, there is not much to write home about if we consider the almost insignificant number that will finally make it into mainstream Western societies, as they will have to make do with life in common refugee camps. If they eventually get access to job it would only be those jobs that are not socially revered and less competitive i.e. jobs which either the indigenes feel too good or too lazy to do. Arguably, if these same people are offered such jobs back home even at a better salary, they will no doubt decline the offer. The bottom line is as the dictum states “not all that glitter is gold”, these people will ultimately be awaken to the fact that when afar the fields would appear very green but when you close in, much of the greenness fades away.    
The billion dalasis question is why in spite of all the trepidations and travails that characterize what I would refer to as a “suicidal mission” do people keep on putting their lives in death’s way in search of the so called greener pasture. Apparently, you will all agree with me that the answers to that are not farfetched. They could range from political to social. Mr. Chairman the appalling state of most African governments vis-à-vis their ineptitude in providing employment for the teeming youths who invariably constitute a greater percentage of their population is the key factor that propels young men and young women and in some cases even with their little kids in desperate search for a better station in life. The high rate of unemployment is indeed a source of concern for most youths in Africa. In fact, in a situation like this where jobs are few and far between, even intellectuals feel the pang in much the same way as the unskilled. This scenario I must warn strongly is a surefire for brain drain which is the ultimate result when the energetic ones lose faith in their states and start to drift downstream along with the current in quest of meaningful lives.
Another point worth noting which serves also as an impetus to the youths’ wild and crazy drive for greener pasture is the constant pressure which some of them face in their families. The system of extended family as practiced in this part of the globe also aids in this ugly trend. There is nothing as degrading, if not psychologically torturing, as when a man is unable to fulfill his family responsibilities not because of laziness or negligence, but rather as a result of the poor and decadent system of job creation. The matter becomes even worse when there is a polygamous undertone underlying the situation. Here, as it is normally the case, children are polarized and feel obliged to their mothers and to those siblings with whom they share the same mother than the rest of the family. Apparently, there is always the subtle rivalry within and among the family as the various blocs try to attain better social status than their rivals.
Mr. Chairman Distinguished Ladies and Gentlemen, I am firmly convinced that as a society, we Africans are strongly resolved to put a stop to this social malaise...............

Page 8                                              ARTICLES

................Continues from page 7
 
What I am a bit doubtful of is our commitment in making it a reality.
 
You will all agree with me that this is not a one man show as all hands must be on deck so that sooner rather than later this craziness would cease, hence sparing our dear continent further drain of her brains. In this vein, our governments should adopt more proactive policies in job creation like    empowering the private sector; so that once they graduate the youths would be assured of employment. Also massive sensitization programmes should be carried out on the dangers that becloud the unscrupulous search for greener pasture using the “back way” as it is commonly called. Once again I am indebted to you all for your keen attention.
Mr. LEONARD P. ANDERSON    
DEPT. OF MODERN LANGUAGES

DISCIPLINE AND PUNISHMENT

Discipline involves self-control. A disciplined person is guided in his or her behavior like moral and social principles. Disciplined behavior involves self-sacrifice, diligence, co-operation, integrity, fruitfulness, patriotism and consideration for others as well as sympathy. Self discipline is not externally imposed nor is it based on fear. A discipline person would do what is right because he or she believes that such behavior is better than actions which can harm other people.
Enforcement of discipline based on fear paternalism or inaction can only produce negative results and will not lead to that of those traits of characters that makes for  good citizenship. Student should be encouraged to cultivate the habit of self-discipline rather than using authoritarian method of controlling their behavior. When confronted by disciplinary problems, the best thing is to diagnose the root causes objectively, try to find a satisfactory solution and help the student to achieve self-discipline. To maintain discipline in any school is not easy because you are dealing with human beings who are of complex characters and from different backgrounds.
Some of the ways to maintain discipline in schools are as follows. First and foremost, you must discipline your self. Must set high standard of behavior which students must follow or you practice what you preach and teach. Secondly, you must impress on your staff the necessity of setting good examples of disciplinary behavior for students to copy. Thirdly, members of staff should work purposefully together to teach and inculcate virtues of discipline in and out of the classroom. Fourthly, you should try to investigate any case of indisciplinary act thoroughly; you should be objective in your approach, show sympathy, understandings of all the issues involved and consider both sides of the case. Do not rush in making conclusions, do not make rash decisions, and do not resort to punishment and use of force as the only solution to problems. After indentifying the possible causes you should adopt a positive, constructive approach and practical line of action. Sometimes you have firm decisions and quick actions when necessary, do not hesitate to consult a staff member for advice. The action you take should depend on the seriousness of the situation at hand. In enforcing discipline try to follow the regulation and procedures lay down by the department; try to maintain constant communication with the students and staff through effective use of prefectural system.
                                                              Mr. Cham            
                                                             Head of Department- Humanity
                                                             and Social Sciences


Page 9                                           TRUST BANK LTD

                                                                                                                                 

Page 10                              SCHOOL BUSES
 

 A lot of people, mostly presidents and highly placed personalities are called Excellency, but they should be called victorious instead. This is because; some of them are only called victorious after they have won presidential elections in their countries. I say this because I believe in the words of a great wrestling legend, Bret “The Hit man” Hart, who said, “Victory lasts a life time but excellence lasts forever”. Most of these Excellencies are forgotten when they are out of power or are put six feet below. One Excellency that will never be forgotten is His Excellency Sheik Professor Doctor Alhagi Yahya A. J. J. Jammeh. The reason why he will never be forgotten is for his magnanimity. Sometime in 2007 and 2008, he gave most senior secondary schools in The Gambia school buses.


These buses have undisputedly played an important role in the schools. One of the very lucky recipients was my school, St. Augustine’s Senior Secondary School. One of the ways in which it helps is by curbing lateness and irregularity of both students and teachers; when coming to school in the morning. Most of the students travel to school from distant locations like Brikama, Madinary, Brufut, Tanji and other distant areas. Most of these students used to come to school late due to transport difficulties. This problem has being largely solved since the coming of these buses. The school buses are always on time and any serious student; who is out on the road early would not miss them. The punctuality of students has its own rewards and advantages. In the past, students missed classes because of late coming but now that there are buses, transport problem is not an excuse for missing classes or coming to school late.
            The prefectorial board has a couple of burdens off their shoulders, after this extraordinary philanthropic gesture made by the president. Prefects now do not have to lose the first period of the day to punish late comers since; almost everyone is punctual now; though some still take to their old games. Prefects can come to school on time and execute their duties before lessons commence.
            Teachers like students benefit from the school buses. At Saint Augustine’s Senior secondary school, teachers’ lateness or absence has its own consequences on the teaching and learning activities; which at times leads to the deduction of salaries. Teachers’ salaries used to be reduced but the buses have helped them now that they are always punctual. They can come early and start the day’s work on time. Someone might wonder, what has syllabus got to do with buses, but it is the irregularity of both students and teachers is one of the factors that lead to the incompletion of syllabuses. Before the donation of these buses, the performance of students in the West African Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination was poor but it has improved very much. This is because students and teachers are both regular now and punctual.
            The importance of the school buses is not only for the sake of  regularity and punctuality but also on its cost effectiveness. Transportation via the school buses is a whole lot cheaper than transportation through the public vans. Some students cannot afford public transportation and have to beg for lift in order to come to school or go home from school. The buses have reduced this drastically. Talking of cost, someone might even say it helps the parents more because is the parents who pay for the transportation of most of the students so the buses have made it easier for them.
            The president has donated these buses but that is where he can stop. Now the onus of maintaining the buses lies in the hands of the administration and the students of the school.


Page 11                                      ARTICLES

WHICH-WAY LEAVERS
                                                       by
Paul Gomez, 12 A2
 
Every student will certainly be proud to have completed a Saint Augustine’s course. The school strongly stands for all ideals in life. And as you bid a happy farewell to it, after a fruitful term of three years, tears of joy and satisfaction  are bound to awash your eyes. You will always remember the ideal location and scenery. I am sure you can never forget the back door, through which the field quite often saw your face. At times you visited it as a genuine athlete, at others only to step out of class in pretext.  You can also always remember the wonderful time in class, in the company of such good teachers who will never leave your memory. Most importantly, the knowledge gained from them will always be part of the stuff in your head. It was not put there simply for the sake of passing exams, remember. Make use of it by serving humanity diligently.
 
But one question which you should always hasten to ask yourself is. Did you go through the school, or that the school went through you? Actually, only those who allowed the latter will be truly expected to survive the day’s struggle. You are going into the world to face the realities of life, not as children enjoying readymade support. Instead, you are adults in your own rights, from whom others need support. Parents and teachers have done their bit during your past years of upbringing. Now in yourself is the captain of your own boat. You will come to know about the bigger challenges of life. Whatever the case, you have to stand firm, as always taught by your able teachers. Their task is now over, having prepared you enough. It is time that they wave a happy goodbye, wishing you the best of life. It is now your time to deliver, and make them be proud of you. 
 
 
INDISCIPLINE AMONGST YOUTHS
 
 I have always been touched by the way young people manifest indiscipline, especially in the schools; where they are expected to conduct themselves in the best way possible. Cases of misconduct in schools, is something that has been in existence for quite some time now. I have the feeling that young people should try and understand what is required of them, especially when our social system is one that is known for paying respect to elderly people, respecting social code and authorities who help to direct our lives. I have always felt that students’ misbehaviour has lots of causes or factors; some of which emanate from their own uncontrolled desires whiles others are induced.
Misbehaviour is something that is generally unacceptable hence students and decent minded people should not for any reason be interested in misbehaving, as this would have a negative effect on one reputation. Some students come from broken homes; where there is no order or set-up that places emphasis on discipline and as such, they tend to take to their own vices. Some students feel that, respecting elders and other elderly people is a waste of time. This view is incompatible to the generally accepted norm within the African setting. The emerging wave of ideologies; which advocates the rights of young people is one that has been totally misconstrued, and has left a line of discontent between young people and certain authorities.
There is need for young people to consider certain issues pertaining their development and know what is good for them. There is no youth who would not like to be an achiever. If that is so, then young people should try and emulate personalities and possibly look at them as their mentors so that they can get inspiration to enhance their growth. Young people want to be loved, encouraged and motivated, but they must also know that learning to be a responsible person and having a sense of purpose.
On that note, I want to encourage all young people to be modest, well behaved, cultured and obedient to rules and regulations. One can make his way up the lather through comportment; others can eat with the nobles. To be a blessed person begins from having good behaviour and respecting other people and their views. Our society will be a better one if most young people like me, try to invest in virtue.
 
Lamin K. Fatty
11A1- 2009/10

Page 12                                         ARTICLES

JULY 22 CELEBRATION
 
National development is an issue that borders the mind of  every reasonable and patriotic citizen and I happen to be one. As an arts student hoping to find myself in the political science field, I have looked at a lot of historical issues and I have come to acknowledge that a good percentage of citizens in the country appreciate the coming of the July 22 Revolution led by the  current president and head of state, His.Excellency Sheikh Prof. Alj. Dr.A.J.J Jammeh.
During the post colonial era, history attests that military interventions became a contagion especially in West Africa and it got to a point my little Gambia was no exception. On the 22nd of July 1994, a small group of young military officers staged a bloodless coup that brought the current president to power. Most Young officers were been motivated to take power in a bid to fast track development in their countries since most post colonial African states were in dire need of progressive minded leaders who can salvage the very desperate situations of their people.
At the start, they formed the Armed Forces Provisional Ruling Council-AFPRC. This was short-lived due to the quest for democracy by the new leaders themselves, so AFPRC metamorphosed into a very vibrant and dynamic political party-‘Alliance for Patriotic Re-orientation and Construction-APRC. The party and the government have a vision for this country and have brought a vast horizon of diverse developmental programmes and projects, a fact that can be seen right across the country. Since 1996, the APRC party has been successful in every election, because the citizens are charmed by the dynamism, developmental policies and opportunities put at the disposal of Gambians and non Gambians as well.
Due to the significance of this event, it is annually celebrated with an extra-ordinary splendor. On the 22nd of July, since 1995, students and people from all walks of life converge on the then McCarthy Square, now renamed as the July 22nd Square for a grand celebration. The celebration is usually marked by a string of activities namely: match past, led by the police and the military, backed up with other cultural activities involving students and dance troops and many more. The most important amongst the activities during the celebration is the president’s keynote address.
When one considers the rate and level of development, it is motivating to know that governance is about delivering the goodies for the people and ensure hope for the future generation. On that note, I want to encourage all and sundry to support the government in its stride toward national development and reconciliation so we can all participate in the development of the nation
 
Bakary Cham
11A2
2009/10
 
 
 
COOPERATE CREDIT UNION

Our society is one that is very much sensitive to financial issues and this has been so due to the cascading trend of global capitalization, and the subsequent credit crunch that has exacerbated it all with its impact reaching the nook and cranny of my poor Gambia. In as much as I am a commercial student, I have been motivated by the fact that there is a micro finance structure that had long been in existence in this country called the National Association of Cooperate Credit Union. Credit Unions are financial institutions formed by organized group of people with a common bond .Members of credit unions put their assets together to provide loans and other financial services to each other.What I have come to realize is that the issue of credit unions is one that has drawn a colossal attention across the country. In fact, many a time I have heard through, radio programmes lengthy and detailed conversations about their activities. Owing to the fact that most low income earners do not have the means of getting along with cooperate banking regulations, it is believed that credit unions have helped to curb such problems and have to salvage the financial and economic problems of most Gambians and non Gambians alike. Like any other organized institution, the credit union operates based on its aims and objectives much to the advantage its members; who make up the governing body.

I have also been able to know that there are enormous benefits when one becomes a member, though the game will be played according to the rules of the game. Apart from the ease and convenience members enjoy in saving and borrowing cash, interests are paid at a very low rate and they also provide general financial security for their members.
It is worth considering to ask how credit unions are supported, especially when you consider the size of its membership. Well, from the little research I did, I was able to know that credit unions are funded and supported by their members who belong to a vast range of professions and walks of life, some of which are the teachers’ union, security services, community based groups and a host of others. It is their monthly subscription that develops into a fat amount. One interesting thing I got to know is that membership into a credit union does not have age limit or any kind of hindrance except in grave cases, meaning that a young person of my age or even below can be a member. The.......


Page 12                                                      ARTICLES


....continues from page 12
 
other advantage is that the member determines the amount he or she would want to pay at the end of every month. There is also a fair deal in the process in that whatever interest is made, it is shared among the members.
According to what I have been hearing over the radio, credit unions can have lots of products on offer apart from taking financial loans.
I am very impressed by the fact that poor people have a way to make ends meet and take advantage of belonging to a credit union because credit unions make a whole lot of difference from other financial institutions.
On that note I wish to encourage all readers of this magazine to find ways and means to find a credit union and be a member provided you are not one as it will go a long way to help you and your family.
JOSEPH SAMBOU
11C2-2009/10
 
THE WEDDING
by
Basiru Suwareh 12 C1
 
Bass was a very poor fellow in the village of Giddah. He fell in love with a rich man’s daughter whose name was Binta. They proposed a marriage but her father would not agree to the proposal. He said that as a rich man, his child could only be married to someone from rich parents. The two lovers were greatly disappointed and very dejected. Rich young suitors from far and wide heard the news and quickly made their way to Giddah. One by one they presented their bid. But one by one, they were each rejected by the lady. Her father, Bakary, was not pleased with her reaction, and called her for a special address. The sad lady allowed him to finish his speech before speaking back. She clearly made it known to him that it could only be Bass, no one else. The father, for his part, remained adamant. ‘It must be another man,’ he vowed.
The stalemate went on for many months. It was Bakary’s expectation that eventually she would accept his word. Binta never did. Instead she stood by her refusal, always pointing at Bass as her future husband. After a considerable amount of time, the father realizing that his daughter was unbendable, eventually gave up his stance. He one day called Bintou for a second hearing. This time it was all about telling her that he had finally agreed. The lovers were married immediately with dignitaries from far and near gracing wedding with there presense.
Some time later, the village was struck by a devastating flood, in which Bintou’s father lost all his cattle as we as wealth. However, by some piece of luck, Bass, his son-in-law then  found a diamond. He turned out to be a very wealthy man, overnight. This man had the good heart to helped his father-in-law, who as a result became rich again, even richer than he had been.

Page 14                                        STORIES AND JOKES
 
WE SHOULD GROW WHAT WE EAT
by
Kebba L. Suwareh 11 C1
 
In the absence of food security, a nation can’t call itself great, especially when it has fertile land. Such a country, as ours, has the potential of feeding not only itself, but others as well. So, farming is simply the subject of this article, in the interest of encouraging more involvement in it. The advantages are many and cannot be ignored in any way. There is nourishment and employment, either of which keeps our development in a safe position.
It is my advice, therefore, that the agriculture department be more proactive in the area of providing due assistance to farmers. That certainly would be an added piece of encou-ragement for students opting to become career farmers or officials in the industry. For them, improvement in the agric curriculum at school level matters a lot. The study simply ranks after the top subjects of English and mathematics. School gardening needs to be developed to the scale of attracting more student participation. Students, on their side, should greatly aspire to follow the discipline, not only for the grades in their certificate, but also, because learning goes beyond that. It has more to do with practical application than the show of paper. I therefore urge my fellow students to better treat this noble subject of Agricultural Science.
 
 
  THE HIT-AND-RUN
         by
  Abdou Aziz Jobe 11 C 2
 
It happened one early morning, on my way to school. I was with my brother. We only got as far as Westfield Junction, when disaster struck. A traffic accident it was, involving him and a car driven by someone not even caring to stop after hitting him. I reacted with confusion, looking around for help. Passersby quickly came around and assisted me in carrying him into Westfield Clinic. There he was well attended to. My mother was informed by phone and she came at once. Filled with grief, I refused to get to school. But she convinced me to just go, saying that everything would be ok. I finally left and arrived late, only to meet the strict principal, face-to-face, right at the gate. He was so understanding, as always, and even sympathised with me. It was a sad day that I will never forget.
 
LAMIN AND THE KING
by
Modou Sowe 12 C1
 
Lamin was a boy of fifteen, resident with his old grand-father, in abject poverty. They always had to struggle hard for their daily survival, which sometimes failed to come through. They had shabby clothing and lived in a makeshift tent. In the unfortunate outbreak of illnesses or epidemic , medicine was difficult to come by. So they only relied on herbs. At times it worked. When such did not, it was real suffering, up until a concerned neighbour stepped in to help. The boy was one day out trying to find work. He wanted to serve as a porter. But there was no one in need of a helper to carry something. Another option was to go to the bush for firewood, which he could sell for their lunch. Breakfast was simply out of question. On his way to the bush, that early fateful morning, guards caught him. They called him a cattle thief whose target was the king’s herd.
Quite innocent, he denied the accusation, but to no avail.  At his palace court, King Balanda quickly pronounced him guilty. His punishment was either to make a bull gives birth or be thrown into a crocodile pool. This was downright naturally impossible and inhumane. After the allotted time for him to perform the mystery expired without result, he was thrown into the pool of crocodiles.Lucklily for him the predators were busily feasting on the other side of the pool. He simply swam his way out to safety.
By some miracle, he found a bag filled with diamonds, which all together changed his life and that of his grand father.
When the callous and greedy king heard about the boy’s fortune, he instantly summoned him for explanation. ‘The crocodiles,’ the boy misleadingly but wisely told him. “did not eat me after all. Rather they were most kind to me and offer me a bag full of the gem, and let me out.” The greedy king then asked to be thrown there, hoping that the miracle would come his way. But for him it was the very reverse. All that returned of him was news of his death.

Page 15                                                  ARTICLES

A DREAM TOO NICE
by
Ousainou Jatta, 11 C2
 
The king of Tufubanga had a very beautiful daughter, whose eyes sparkled like stars in the sky. She had a lovely smile that represented the midday sun in every way. The brightness of her face was simply that of a full moon. Her hair fell on her back in a knot that every young girl and lady very well admired. Equally held in admiration was her ebony black complexion. Certainly, it was the wish of every young man in the kingdom to marry her. Soon, the number of suitors reached fifteen myself included. After hearing their respective submissions, the king set a condition, that the wisest of them all would be his son-in-law. He invited all those interested to his court, I was luckily amongst the invitees. We were going to be put on a wise test, as clearly explained to us by no one else but the King himself. It was a series of three, all of which must be passed. Doing well in even two was not enough, to talk less of only one.
 The first test was all about enduring mosquito bite. One by one, we walked naked into the infested room. Each of the eight who went before me could not endure the five minutes stated. It was a really tough encounter that needed a wise strategy as one was expected to be bitten by a legion of mosquitoes unobstructed. So I called the guards and explained a story that my grandfather once told me, many, many years ago. It was about a very strange shirt with many pockets. The guards happened to show a great deal of interest, and listened very attentively. That was quite fortunate for me. Telling them about the shirt pockets, I touched their respective positions, one here, one there, one affront, one at the back, another on the left side of the chest, and so on and on and on.
The whole story was told with hand gesticulations which were actually meant to kill the insects without anyone’s notice. Eventually most of them died. Those that remained alive were completely disabled, meaning that I passed the first test very well, as declared by the chief guard himself.
The second test involved eating a full bag of very hot pepper. That moment also, another wise struck my mind. At intervals, I asked the guards to get me some water to demonstrate the nice movement of my throat when drinking. They did, and each time they watched, I was satisfying myself with a cool drink. The mouth, throat and all my digestive system was getting cooled. I went through several rounds of the same thing. Finally, the whole bag finished, to the utter amazement of all. Again I was named the winner, the only one that went through.
The third one involved walking through fire. There, I convinced the guards that my being in the flames would mean them feeling the heat, not me. They believed, and in fear, spared me of that last test. They simply pleaded with their leader to quickly declare me as having passed that most difficult test of all.
Thus, I was the one pronounced the successful bidder. And at the palace wedding, her kisses touched me with glee. It was pleasure that I had never experienced before, and wished it would never end. But suddenly I woke up from the deep sleep, realising that it was, after all, only a dream. What a great disappointment indeed!                                                                                                           

AFRICA
by
Moses Mendy 12 A1
Africa my homeland
The cradle of civilisation
The land of black people
The land of innocent survivors
Where my ancestors come from
Blessed you’ve been
with resources and wisdom
I will thank you, serve you and
shout thy name to the world
because of your greatness
You are the mother of all greatness
Africa my homeland
Proud am I, to be your child
 

Page 16                                     ARTICLES

 THE ROLE OF INFORMATION IN BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT

 
This article  is an attempt to provide an insight into the role of information in Gambia’s business environment . 
Management is a series of decision making processes and  decision making is at the heart of executive activity in business. But decisions need to be made fast, especially in the current context where the most precious and least manageable commodity available to managers is time . what managers do  includes 'informational' as one of the managerial roles. The informational role incorporates monitoring, filtering and disseminating information as common, if not a universal part of managerial work. What managers want and what they need may not be the same. Managers still need to learn how to use data and take responsibility for information.
In order to understand the information behaviours of managers, it is first necessary to have an understanding of the contexts in which managers seek and use information. Literature on the information behaviours of managers was found to be plentiful in the subject areas of Business Management, Organisational Behaviour, Psychology, and Information Technology (IT) and only very lately in the field of Information Science. Literature covering information gathering activities show that much is written on environmental scanning and Competitor Intelligence (CI), and also in the field of Information Technology, how Management Information Systems (MIS) are being effectively used to meet these needs.
The amount of scanning executives carry out and their level of perceived environmental uncertainty , the turbulence of the external environment, the strategic role of scanning and the information-use contexts of managers all combine to explain why information quality is more important than source accessibility when managers scan the environment.
 
Managers need to first learn how to manage the politics of information by making information a key organisational "currency", a generation of managers may have been created who value information highly but are protective of it to the point of withholding it from the others and as an organisational "currency" too valuable for many managers to give away. The giving and withholding of information is inextricably linked with organisational politics and as a result the knowledge-based organisation where free flow of information is considered to contribute to the general good is still largely a fantasy.
The  managers work in information intensive environments and need to acquire superior information about the environment which would enable them to develop a strategic information advantage for the company. Managers are invariably required to make decisions with or without full information about a situation. Unfortunately, many of the managers are not aware of what their own information needs are or how these could be met and the information professionals are not sufficiently aware of managers' information needs .
  Conclusion, it can be concluded that Gambia’s managers use a range of sources, print and personal as well as sources which are internal and external to the organisation to obtain information. The preference for sources or source selection and use are influenced by the user's perception or attitudes to the accessibility of sources.  But it is doubtful if the combination of sources used by Gambia’s managers provides a balanced input of the required information with appropriate "richness". Managers did not exploit all types of information sources available to them locally, mainly due to a lack of awareness of their availability and usefulness and also due to a lack of skills in the use of such sources. Few executives yet know how to ask 'What information do I need to do my job?  When do I need it? In what form? And from whom should I be getting it? This could also be applied to the Gambia context …..continues on page 19 


Page 17                                           INTERVIEW

Continues from page 3
 

….gradually but surely going back to the golden days or maybe even going beyond the peak that the school used to be. 
 
 Mr. Anderson: 
Yes, it is remarkable to know that you guys have begun to resurrect the golden era of the school. Indeed we have started seeing glimpses of that. The path you have chosen to traverse could be a rugged one but with a resolved and dedicated mind we shall surely arrive at the destination. What are the contingency measures which could be put to work to curb on impediments should they crop up along the way?

Mr. P. F. Gomez:  You see, development does not come without obstacles. As a matter of fact, I personally consider them as challenges and not impediments. Because without them life itself would not have been interesting. If at the end of the day you are able to wriggle out of those then you feel honoured for having achieved something worthwhile. Like the expansion which we hope to carry out in the near future, we are well aware of feasible challenges that might stand on our path. However, we do believe that we can somehow surmount them and ensure that we achieve our goals.
Mr. Anderson:  Sir, you will agree with me that St. Augustine’s is amongst the oldest reputable institutions not only here in the Gambia but in the sub region as a whole. Over the years it has carved out a coveted status for itself. But an institution is not all about academics. We also have the infrastructural side of it. What is your take on St. Augustine’s and infrastructure on the whole?
 
Mr. P. F. Gomez: 
You see, if you look at the structures of St. Augustine’s, you would observe that they are akin to those at St. Joseph’s. These are very good and strong buildings. In fact I was chatting with Fr. Murphy, an old teacher who is a priest. He confided in me that there was a time when St. Augustine’s was the only school in the sub region that had tiles, ceiling fans, an intercom system, and so on and so forth. So these are some of the facilities which we still enjoy.
 
Mr. Anderson: 
Sir, you could agree with me that discipline is one of the fundamental pillars upon which every institution is built. What can you say about the conduct of both teachers and students in terms of discipline?
Mr. P. F, Gomez:  Well, discipline has always been a challenging factor. Challenging in the sense that some students of nowadays have cultivated the knack of wrong-headedly believing that because they live in an age of information technological advancement, they do not need the knowledge which teachers could impart in them. But I think they are making a grave mistake, because somebody who is older and better informed than you would always have some pertinent information to share with you. So if you are not ready to listen to your elders, you would only have your self to blame since you would have to learn from that later. However, I think the situation is relatively better than before, because when we just came in the school was like a jungle and if you were not strong you definitely could not have survived. Thanks to some control measures we adopted. For instance we modified the entry requirement by trimming the cutoff from aggregate 41 to 39. When you have more students that are much more focused and hardworking, the burden is some what lessened, since they can be controlled without much difficulty. In terms of teachers, we have assiduous and dedicated teachers.
 
Mr. Anderson: 
I supposed the public would be glad to know that the administration is doing so much to curb on indiscipline. Now, as part of its tradition, this institution has had certain links with other institutions both in the sub region as well as beyond the frontiers of the continent. What is the present state of those relationships?
 
Mr. P. F. Gomez: 
When we took over the running of the school, there was an existing but dormant link between St. Augustine’s and St. Michel in Dakar Senegal. Like I mentioned, because the link was not thriving, we took up the onus of reviving it. First it was the French club that paid them a visit. Before, this set of students who offer French as part of their course curriculum, would benefit from one week intensive classes which has always helped them secure very good grades in French in their WASSCE Exams.…continues on page 18 


Page 18                                  INTERVIEW

Continues from page 17

  
But our relationship with St. Michel makes room for extra curricula
activities like sports. Quite recently, a sixty man sport delegation visited St. Michel and participated in a host of sporting activities. So I think that link has begun to gather momentum. In 2005 also, through the partnership between Banjul City Council and the City Council of Ostende Belgium, we established a link with a school in Belgium, Onze Lieve Vrou College. That relationship also is very healthy. They visit us annually while we go there biannually. They visited us this past February, and their coming coincided
with the Independence Anniversary Celebrations. They joined us at the McCarthy Square for the customary match past. On the whole, apart from the social interaction between the two schools, we benefit a lot of good things from this link. Another area where as an institution we do benefit from our links with other schools is by adopting those policies of their administration which we deem prudent.  

Mr. Anderson:  I am very much aware of the fact that running public institutions like St. Augustine’s which receive financial support only from the government is a Herculean task. In view of this situation, do you by any means have other corridors where you attract pecuniary aid to ensure the smooth running of the school?
 

Mr. P. F. Gomez:  You must be aware that like every public institution, the subvention which the school receives from the government is what we use to pay the salaries of our teachers. Now, the money which the students pay as fees is what we use to pay the ancillary staff and also undertake some salient projects in the school. There is no way by which we can ask the students to pay more than the prescribed fee for public schools. From that you can deduce how difficult it is to run a big school like St. Augustine’s. Though we do experience some financial constraints in managing the school, it must be made distinctly clear that we have no extra sponsorship; we make use of what we receive.
Mr. Anderson:  Okay, it has been a resourceful time with you Mr. Gomez, but before round off, can you shed some light on the administration’s current vision?

Mr. P. F. Gomez:  You know this school is an old one founded in 1929. Since that period to date, the culture of St. Augustine’s has never changed. The school has always striven for not only academic excellence but also remarkable sporting achievements. I could still remember our own days when I was at Nusrat High School. By then, the Inter Secondary Schools Athletics Competitions were held at McCarthy Square. The athletes of St. Augustine’s would turn out in standard athletics gears with spikes when our athletes had no other choice but to compete barefooted. So you see, even before an event started, St. Augustine’s would have defeated its opponents psychologically. The same scenario obtained in both football and basketball. In academics, they had distinctions abound. So in a nutshell that has always been the culture of St. Augustine’s and that is the culture we want to not only resurrect but maintain for good. Also, you know that we are related with St. Michel, and like I mentioned early, we are always ready to incorporate innovations from our partners. For instance, at the inception of the link with St. Michel, both institutions were at the same level. However, with the passing of time, the situation has changed immensely. St. Michel has been transformed from its high school status to a degree granting institution. So in effect, it is now a university. As part of our vision, we intend to transform this school just like our partners did. Apparently, this transformation would commence sooner rather than later. Another fundamental sphere where we are also inclined to expand in is that of sports. One thing which we have noticed over the years and which does not meet our liking, is that when our boys who have brought us so much laurels and glories, finish their schooling their careers normally end prematurely because, often they do not have the contacts that would enable them continue their profession. To put a stop to this ugly trend, we would like to establish our own football club, basketball club and athletics club which will be competing at national level. So when our boys finish their senior school education, they can continue their profession without any difficulty in these clubs since they are under the school management. This scenario I must say is beneficial to both the school and the players. Because on the one hand it accords the boys the opportunity to pursue their careers at the national level and on the other hand in the event that these players hit international recognition and attract contracts the school as a major stakeholder would certainly stand to gain from the proceeds of such contracts.…continues on page 19

 
Page 19                                   ARTICLES

….continues from page 18
 
But our relationship with St. Michel makes room for extra curricula

  

The future .The 21st century has been hailed as the "Asia-Pacific century" by many economists and futurists. Therefore, managing businesses in the 21st century in the Asia-Pacific region will undoubtedly be an enormous challenge to the Asian managers. In order to maintain a competitive edge, these managers would need to be visionaries who are innovative and creative. Companies therefore need to be up to date with information on market trends, benchmark data, and productivity indicators to enable them assess their business performance and stay competitive. Therefore Gambians information professionals have a role to play – a more proactive role using innovative approaches to support managers with relevant, timely and value-added information. The National Library Board of The Gambia as the main player in the market will need to take an aggressive stance to meet these needs .

Abiodun Festus
Commerce Department
St Augustine's Senior Secondary School
 
 
….continues from page 17
 
draw the curtain down except if you have any addendum.
 
Mr. P. F. Gomez: 
Well, I would end up by saying that life is always laced with challenges. However, these challenges are not insurmountable. As a matter of fact, these challenges are here for us, they are here to shape us; above all they are here to strengthen us. So like I said, we are well aware of challenges on our way as we surge on with our vision, but come rain come shine, God willing, St. Augustine’s would assume its height of fame.
 
Mr. Anderson: 
Okay, Thank you Mr. Paul Gomez. It has been a wonderful and resourceful moment with you. I am most humbled and gratified.
 
Mr. P. F. Gomez:  Thank you too for coming.  
 
 
 


NEO-COLONIALISM OCNTEMPORARY FORM OF SLAVERY
Slavery is a social institution which is as old as the human race itself. Sufficient to say then that it is a gross misrepresentation of historical facts to point fingers at the Europeans as being responsible for bringing slavery into Africa. The slave trade had existed in West Africa long before the coming of Europeans to West Africa in the 15th century. A supporting fact to this statement was the existence of domestic slavery among the Africans and the trans-Sahara slave trade. The lather entailed the trafficking of slaves across the Sahara desert, between North Africa and ancient empires of the Sudan. This inhuman trafficking of Africans across the Sahara had been going on since seventh century A.D.     
However, the arrival of Europeans on the west coast of Africa opened a new phase in the Africa slave trade known as the Trans-Atlantic slave trade from West Africa to the Americans. 
Trans Atlantic slave trade otherwise referred to as Triangular Trade, because of the way ships engaged in it made three stages in course of each voyage.
The first stage was from Europe to the Guinea coast with the ships carrying Europeans products which were exchange for slaves. The second referred to as the “middle passage” was from West Africa to the West Indies or America as where Negro slaves were exchanged for sugar, tobacco or cotton. The final stage was from the new world to Europe with the ships carrying their cargoes of raw, sugar, tobacco and cotton which were sold to manufacturers in Europe.
It is note worthy, that, the enslavement and sale of Africans from the seventh century onwards was carried out by the Africans themselves, especially the coastal Kings and elders, and that very few Europeans actually ever matched inland and captured slaves. Africans became enslaved in four main ways. First, criminal sold by Chiefs as punishment; secondly, free Africans obtained from raids by Africa rulers and a few Europeans gangs or from kidnapping, thirdly, domestic slaves resold, and fourthly, prisoners of war.
.......continued on page 20

Page 20                                                  ARTICLES

 ….continues from page 19   

  I pause at this juncture and stress that it will be fallacious to conclude that Africans surrendered to their enslavement in a most docile manner and never struck a blow in defence of their freedom and liberty. As Edward B.D Auvergne puts it in his book Human livestock… “The black man was not a half insensible beast of burden, but a man who deeply resented his condition and in whose heart smouldered a just anger against his abominable task master” The horrifying experience of slavery was told all over Africa from Badagary, Aro, in Nigeria, to Cape Coast in Ghana, down to Juffereh, James Island in The Gambia, to Goree Island, Saint Lious in Senegal the story was the same how there were many slaves both on the high seas and plantation.
     The term colonialism or colonial rule means the taking over of a territory by another with the subsequent domination of the intruder. In Africa, all the power that dominated the political and economical lives of the contingents lives were foreigner from Europe. Chief among these were Britain, France, Italy, Germany and Belgium.
      Colonial rule in Africa then was a period when European power dominated every aspect of African affairs-the political, economic and social. This period began in the 19th century, at the height of the system, each power developed political and economic systems that served its needs in their territory. It did not follow a general pattern when administering their territory, but each Europeans power followed a definite pattern in dealing with its subject. Colonial rule was characterized by economic exploitation which included economic policies stressed by production of cash crops, large scale European controlled mining, the development of railway networks to connect productions centre, to sea ports, and the establishment of a monetary system that made Africans buy Europeans products. Thanks to the desire of patriotic national figures and groups to ward off colonialism and imperialism and take the destiny of their nations in their in hands. It was the desire of Africans to be ruled by Africans. Nationalist in British West Africa cut across the educated elites such as Nnamdi Azikiwe, Herbert Maculay, Edward Francis Small, Kwame Nkrumah, Obafemi Awolowo, Dawda Kairaba Jawara and some radical and power chiefs like Nana of Itshekiri and king Jaja of Opobo of Nigeria, Foday Kabba Dumbuya in the Gambia who resisted colonialism in its totality.
       Suffice it to say, that colonial economy also encouraged the best yielding crops at the lowest cost. No diversification was encouraged in this made West African States to rely on mono-crop economics or at least a few export crops. African cities emerged, but were similar. Each had a European section with high class living facilities and an African home with no facilities at all. In contemporary times of today, one can still see multi-national corporations functional in West African State as Nigeria, Ghana, Sierra Leone, The Gambia making huge income in form of profits, transferring the bulk profit to their countries of origin, Britain, France, America, to mention just few living only a token here in Africa for maintenance of their corporations in a most deceptive manner.
      In conclusion, a contemporary African leader, like Sheikh Prof. Alh. Dr. Yaya A.J.J Jammeh of The Gambia, a visionary leader, pan Africanist have really tried to check this anomalies, I suggest that other African leaders emulate him and encourage her citizens to look inwards and see how best to develop their State: indigenization policies been premium in their administrative pattern.
                                                                            By Udeze Augustine Uchenna
                                                                            Government/History Teacher.
 
POETIC Rhyme 
THE FLOWER IN YOU
    The FLOWER is the MOST attractive part of a plant which attracts man as well as insects, such as bees, butterflies, and ants.
So the flower in you is the force or virtue that attracts people to you which should always be natural and not artificial. It is also the magnet in you. The flower is not determined by your beauty, your money or your fame. These are all artificial flowers. But the natural flower is that intrinsic quality that pulls people closer to you and makes them love you without considering your race, sex, creed, status or your looks.
     In actuality, like a flower with its compelling fragrance that is yearned for by all, your virtues are what herald the much needed attraction and attention. Society would be enamoured with that odorous side of you. Indeed, like the pungent smell of the flower which is enjoyed by all and sundry, your dispensation with your fellow beings must shy away from discrimination. You should not cultivate the knack of projecting one type of face to a particular set of people and then offer another utterly contrasting one to another set. That flower in you embraces all and despises none. Like a fountain it should well up, overflow, saturate and affect the lives of men.         
      Though life on earth would certainly end one day, but always be mindful that the flower in you would transcend this mortal life and ultimately be immortalized. It is that small piece of you which would be left as a legacy to humanity. Like the Northern Star, it will constantly hung above all, providing incessant light for mankind. But, over and above all, posterity would find no better, no worthier blueprint to approach the travails and trepidations of life        .
Stephan Paul Joseph Omoregie
King Steph
11s1                                            

Page 21                                  SCHOOL LINKS
INTRODUCTION 
The school has over the years, been very active and involved in the business of school links, a concept that provides the school the opportunity to associate with other schools outside the frontiers of this country and the continent as well. It has proven to be very productive and supportive of the administration’s effort to up-grade the school in one way or the other. There have been two very vibrant links namely St. Michel of Senegal and Onze Lieve Vrouze College in Ostend Belgium. The later is part of a city link between the cities of Banjul and Ostend-Belgium, an arrangement that was initiated and facilitated by the Banjul City Council, to link the schools in Banjul to those in Ostend Belgium.

ONZE LIEVE VROUZE COLLEGE-OSTEND-BELGIUM 
The visit of our Belgian counterparts has established itself as a traditional event in that they visit us annually during the second term. We as the host school have always been preparing a week long activity both in and outside school.
This year, their visit was preceded by a group of Rotarians from Ostend who came on the 15th of February to get first hand information about certain projects that they intend to fund and were received at the airport by the welcoming committee led by the Vice Principal Mr. Paul F. Gomez. On the 16th of the same month the delegation of students and teachers arrived, they were also received and taken to their hotel.
On the 17th was the School Visiting Day. On this day, teachers and students of Onze Lieve Vrouze college, visited the school premises: where the guest teachers help teach some lessons and their students attend the lessons with the host students taught by host teachers as well.. This was followed by the usual formal introductory ceremony in the school hall for everyone to attend. The evening was marked by a flurry of cultural activities involving the ethnic groups in the country and performed by the host students.
This year again and for the second time in the history of the link, the visiting college joined our students to the national Independence Day Anniversary Celebration in which they all matched with other schools. Other activities were: a boat ride through the creeks; from Lamin Village to Denton Bridge, a night in the up-country (Bereding-Western Region), home visit of fellow students and then finally the Farewell Dinner which took place this year at the Baobab Holiday Resort. The Belgians have always been grateful for the fraternal warmth and reception they enjoy each time they come.                                                
Some time last year and for the second time in the history of the link, our school sent a four-man delegation led by the Vice Principal to reciprocate as well and the memories of that visit continue to linger. It is hoped that this link will grow from strength to strength as the world is opening up to educational globalization.
Mr. Frank S. Lans-Bagoley

 


Page  22                                        TRIP TO DAKAR
TRIP TO ST. MICHEL DAKAR- SENEGAL
By Anthony Omotosho
 

As the news of St. Augustine’s arrival was heralded to the students of St. Michel, the entire atmosphere within and outside the school became alive. It was a much expected visit. The entire students of St. Michel thronged out to catch a glimpse at their visitors from Banjul. No sooner we came into the school premises than the school authorities announced to the student through public address system to gather in front of their various classes to welcome us.
The entire contingent St. Augustine’s and the host school converged on the centre of the school to render the national and school anthems of both schools. It was the turn of the host school first. What a beautiful rendition it was.
The Director of St. Michel, Mr. Jean desired the arrival of the visiting delegation in his welcome address. Mr. Jean could not hide his joy by thanking the principle of St. Augustine for the important visit. He reiterated the importance of such a visit to both schools. Mr. Jean promised that city link between Banjul and Dakar will be sustained for the sake of posterity. In his epoch making speech, the principle of St. Augustine’s, Mr. Martin Gomez, expressed his gratitude to the management of St.Michel for the manner in which the reception was conducted. ‘The warm welcome we see here today is a clear demonstration of your fraternal hospitability and love.’ He concluded his remark by thanking the authorities for honouring our visit to Dakar. The students of the host school entertained the guests. The choreography department of the school gave us a gorgeous dancing display to the admiration of all visitors. Shortly after this entertainment we were treated to a sumptuous lunch. During the lunch break, the principal of St. Michel, Mr. Jean informed all of us that the visit has been anticipated.  Mr. Jean applauded the efforts of his counterpart, Mr. Martin Gomez for renewing the city link in 2005. The Director of St Michel informed the contingent of a new innovation acquired by the school. This is the new technology technique used for teaching distance students. It is unique and the latest kind of distance learning teaching because it is an e­-line teaching because it is an e-line teaching method. As the lecture is teaching at St. Michel, distance learning students all over the world, receive the lecture simultaneously.  The students from St. Augustine’s were led by the St. Michel school prefects for school orientation which lasted till 4.00pm. Next was a string of sporting activities. We started with the volley ball. The result was 16-13 in favour of the visiting school. The basket ball took the centre stage. It was the clash of the titans. The basket ball court was filled to capacity because it was in the record of St. Michel, that no other school has ever defeated them in Dakar since the school was establishedNever the less, the story of never been beaten did not intimidate the contingent from St. Augustine’s. Actually, St. Michel put up a fantastic fight to maintain the record but it did not go in the line of history again. St Michel finally threw in the towel when St. Augustine’s won by 32 to 23 points.
Saturday was full of exciting programmes for St. Augustine’s in Dakar .After the breakfast; we left for sight seeing .Among places visited were: State House/President’s lodge, National Assembly Complex, the newly constructed Monument of African Renaissance, Sea Side View etc.
            After this, we went for lunch at St. Michel. When it was 4.00pm, the football teams of both schools got ready for a football match at French military Army Base Football pitch .The pitch is known as one of the best football pitches Dakar.
The match was very competitive but St Augustine’s won it all. During the closing ceremonies, both heads of the respective institutions pledged to ensure that the relationship continues to grow.

Page 23                                          SPORTS
 

Saints Augustine’s out-stead Gambia Senior Secondary School to become the 2010
champions of the Trust Bank sponsored Inter-Schools Athletics Championship held at the
Independence Stadium over the weekend.Saints Augustine's emerged first in the Senior
Secondary School category, after scoring a total of 362 points, former Gambia Senior
Secondary School settled for second position with a total of 260 points.

The Gambia Muslim Senior Secondary School occupied third position with a total of 251 points, Bottrop Senior Secondary is fourth with 242 points, while Bansang Senior Secondary School finished fifth position with 113 points.In the upper basic schools category, Gunjur Upper Basic School the runners-up last year took first position with a total of 175 points, Latrikunda Sabiji Upper Basic School took second position with a total of 166points.Banjulinding Upper Basic School occupied third with 155 points, Pakalinding Upper Basic School emerged fourth position with 118 points, while Bansang Upper Basic School came out fifth position with 111 points.


Vice President-Dr.Aja  Isatou Njie- Saidy presents Inter-Secondary School Athletics Championship Trophy


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